ISSN 2520-6265 (print)

ISSN 2520-6273 (online)


READING AS COMMUNICATION: THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR TRANSFORMATION OF THE MODERN READER’S PERSONALITY


Author:
O. M. Kolyshko, PhD (Psychology), Head of General and Social Psychology Department,
Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, Belarus.
ORCID: 0000-0003-2704-6044
E-mail: kolyshko10@gmail.com

DOI: DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/upj.2020.2(14).7

Article Information
Issue: 2(14) 2020, pages: 135-150
Language: Ukrainian
Received: 25.09.2020
1 st Revision: 27.09.2020
Accepted: 30.09.2020



Abstract

The article presents an analysis of reading subjects. Reading is defined as complex, non-line poly-subject and inter-subject communication. The author of the text, the reader, and the text are defined as the core subjects of reading. The field of reading realization is defined as the consciousness of the individual as a dialogic education by its nature. The ways of participation of each of the reading subjects in the process of interaction with each other are indicated. The author reveals the active role of the publisher in reading, social and cultural-historical contexts, the history and structure of the text, and the form of its carrier. The special role of the teacher in modern practices of educational reading is noted. The nature of participation in modern Internet reading of hypertext space is considered. Based on the author’s research, the threats and opportunities of reading for the personal transformation of the reader are described. As threats to reading for the reader, we can mention superficial communication and replacing the content of the text with their own ideas and ways of presenting them (reproducing themselves); strong exposure to influence from the text and the author’s position (losing yourself). It is indicated that educational reading is characterized by a strong dependence of the reader on the attitudes and interpretations of the teacher (loss of self). The integrative characteristic of the reader as a subject of reading-communication is determined by his reading strategy, which reflects the General level of reader culture. The developing mechanism of the personality in reading is the recognition and acceptance of “the other as different from the reader”, sensitivity to cultural and personal differences. The prospects for studying reading in the field of experimental research of reading mechanisms and the development of psychological and educational programs for the formation of reading competencies are outlined.
Key words:
reading, reading subject, communication, intersubjectivity, polysubjectivity, reading strategy, reading culture, transformation of the reader’s personality.

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