ISSN 2520-6265 (print)

ISSN 2520-6273 (online)


SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL SPECIFICS OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S ANTICIPATION AND THEIR WELL-BEING IN THE CONDITIONS OF LIFE CHANGES: ONTO- AND SOCIO-GENESIS


Authors:

V. Yu. Zavatskyi Dr. of Science (in Psychology), Professor of the Department of Psychology and Sociology,
Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University
ORCID: 0000-0001-9946-9113
E-mail: vladzeitler@gmail.com
O. O. Blyskun Dr. of Science (in Psychology), Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Sociology,
Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University
ORCID: 0000-0001-7875-7714
E-mail: bliskoon@ukr.net

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/upj.2020.2(14).4

Article Information
Issue: 2(14) 2020, pages: 85-99
Language: Ukrainian
Received: 13.09.2020
1 stRevision: 16.09.2020
Accepted: 18.09.2020



Abstract

The article identifies diagnostic markers and performance-specific features of young people’s anticipation depending on their age and gender. The social and psychological analysis of their life strategies and anticipation orientations in the conditions of changes was carried out. The sample was differentiated according to the indicators of the leading anticipation constructs and predictors under life changes. The sociopsychological nature of young people’s social well-being was substantiated: the phenomenon of social well-being, its components, indicators, factors of formation were described; the empirical research project on young people’s social well-being was developed and the research was implemented; and correlations between social well-being and anticipation were determined; the referents determining young people’s social well-being were revealed. Mutual relations between an individual’s social well-being and anticipation are supported by patterns that depend on his/her age, gender, general anticipation capacity and individual characteristics (spatial, temporal, personal-situational). In addition, anticipation is developed actively stepby-step. In particular, in adolescence, the ability to anticipate is improved due to qualitative improvement of thinking, as an indirect and generalized reflection of reality; intensive development of those mental qualities that are specific to anticipation, such as: seeing of prospects, taking into account the probabilistic future, proving of made forecast. At the early adulthood, there is the mutual influence of the general anticipation ability and health, reflection during anticipation improves considerable. Anticipation at the middle adulthood is often associated with well-being, which is a sign of psychological health (emotional stability, low anxiety and impulsivity, etc.). In addition, there is a strong link between anticipation and positive well-being at the middle adulthood.
Gender differences were revealed for correlations determined between well-being and different anticipatory abilities. Significant correlations between well-being and different anticipatory abilities revealed for women were more numerous and stronger than that of men. The mutual relations among young people’s anticipatory abilities at different levels (personalsituational, spatial and chrono-rhythmic) and the the components of their well-being were determined.
Key words:
personality, youth, psychological well-being, social wellbeing, anticipation, conditions of life changes.


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