ISSN 2520-6265 (print)

ISSN 2520-6273 (online)


SELF-KNOWLEDGE RESOURCE IN PERSONALITY RELATED TO PSYCO-TRAUMATIC SITUATIONS


Authors:
T. S. Kyrylenko, PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences), Associate Professor (docent), General Psychology Department,
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
E-mail: taisa1sk@gmail.com
B. B. Ivanenko, PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences), Associate Professor (docent), General Psychology Department,
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
E-mail: dana.ivanenko27@gmail.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/upj.2019.1(11).8

Article Information
Issue: 1(11) 2019, pages: 108-120
Language: Ukrainian
Received: January 16, 2019
1 st Revision: January 19, 2019
Accepted: January 26, 2019


Abstract

The article focuses on the phenomena of psychotrauma and psyco-traumatic situation. A brief analysis of scientific works devoted to the problem of psychological trauma and ways of its overcoming by a person is presented. The main characteristics of the psychological trauma, its features, the relationship with the traumatic situation, criteria of effective overcoming are considered. The questions of individual strategies for overcoming a mental trauma and the main factors contributing to successful coping with the traumatic situation are considered. The article contains an original contemporary empirical study of strategies to overcome psycho-traumatic situations. The results of the psychologist’s work with people experienced a traumatic situation for two years without the post-traumatic stress disorder has been analyzed. In the empirical part of the study, the content of psycho-traumatic situations was singled out. The strategies of «avoidance» and «imposing», features of their manifestation depending on a gender, characteristics of self-analysis, life-based conclusions made by the subjects under the influence of the traumatic situation experience are investigated. The empirical results of new knowledge introspection received in a psycho-traumatic situation are presented; the results were obtained from the respondents analysed consequences of psycho-traumatic situations with written self-analyses according to André Roche. The quantitative results of new knowledge introspection depending on a number of prevailing strategies for experiencing psycho-traumatic situations by men and women are presented. The differences in the self-analysis of the experience of psycho-traumatic situations by men (focusing on the positive consequences of the situation as a whole) and on women (selective emphasis on positive consequences) are presented. The conclusions about the resource of self-knowledge in the experiencing of the situation of psychotrauma by men and women conserning the strategies of avoiding and imposing are formulated.
Key words:
psychological trauma, traumatic situation, psychological resource, self-knowledge, prevailing strategy of experience of the situation, strategy of overcoming, avoiding and imposing.

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