ISSN 2520-6265 (print)

ISSN 2520-6273 (online)


MEANING OF LIFE STATES: THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS AND EMPIRICAL TYPOLOGY


Author:
K. V. Karpinski, Doctor of Psychological Science, Professor, Head of Experimental and Applied Psychology Department,
Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, Belarus
ORCID: 0000-0002-1820-4007
E-mail: karpkostia@tut.by

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/upj.2019.1(11).7

Article Information
Issue: 1(11) 2019, pages: 83-107
Language: Ukrainian
Received: January 20, 2019
1 st Revision: February 1, 2019
Accepted: February 5, 2019


Abstract

The article presents the results of theoretical and empirical research devoted to the psychological regularities of the formation of the individual as a subject of life in the process of solving meaning of life tasks. This class of tasks of personal development includes the search, preservation and practical implementation of the individual meaning of life. Psychological indicators of the process and the results of solving life meaning tasks are subjective experiences of meaningfulness of life and crisis of meaning. In order to denote the integral form of feedback functioning in the system of self-regulation of the individual as a subject of life, the concept of «meaning of life state» is proposed and theoretically substantiated. Meaning of life states are understood as a specific category of permanent mental states that reflect the status of the subject-object relationship of the individual with his own life. Contrary to the common in psychological science notions of incompatibility and mutual exclusiveness of experiences of meaningfulness of life and meaning of life crisis, the hypothesis that the meaning of life is a specific form of conjugation and integration of these subjective experiences is theoretically argued. On the empirical material it is shown that there are typical combinations of these experiences, which form stable meaning-life states of the person: prosperous, crisis, conflict and stagnant. It is established that the dominant type of the meaning of life state of a person depends on its internal position in relation to the meaning of life tasks, expressed by their acceptance or non-acceptance, as well as on the productivity of their solution in everyday life. As a promising line of development of the present study longitudinal strategy, designed to reveal the psychological mechanisms and regularities of their mutual transitions and transformations, which are conditioned by the dynamics of solving meaning of life tasks.
Key words:
personality, subject of life, meaning of life, meaning of life tasks, meaning of life, meaning of life crisis, meaning of life states.

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