ISSN 2520-6265 (print)

ISSN 2520-6273 (online)


PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCE IN THE STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITY OF A MILITARY PSYCHOLOGIST


Author:
L. Ya. Barinova PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences), Associate Professor (docent), Department of Differential and Special
Psychology Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University
ORCID: 0000–0002–0635–6599
E-mail: barilina21@gmail.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/upj.2019.1(11).3

Article Information
Issue: 1 (11) 2019, pages: 38-49
Language: Ukrainian
Received: 12.01.19
1 st Revision: 16.01.19
Accepted: 21.01.19


Abstract

The article analyzes of the results of an empirical research on psychological competence of military psychologists. The current state of military psychology requires innovative approaches to studies of personalities of not only military personnel, but also military psychologists, who perform an important social and professional function. The article shows that psychological competence plays an important role in professional development and practical work effectiveness of military psychologists counselling military personnel in various situations of combat and service task execution. A psychologically competent military psychologist, due to his/her personal and professional skills, is able to reduce risks to be caught up in a trouble situation for him/herself and his/her service members, and if such a situation arises, to propose intensive actions to overcome them. The author’s definition of a military psychologist’s psychological competence, considered as a personality trait, is: this competence is a holistic construct characterizing an individual’s ability to minimize problem situation severity and frequency of their occurrence for this individual and to maximize active actions aimed at life organization and such situation overcoming. The operationalization of the desired construct have lead the author to the conclusion that a military psychologist’s psychological competence is a complex personal trait consisting of four components: psychological competence in the family relations, in professional work, in the material and social area, and in the area of values. As for formal-dynamic qualities, speed and agility of a military psychologist’s nervous system serve as the basis for psychological competence formation; and on the contrary, high emotionality acts as a negative precondition for this construct development. The performed research has shown that psychological competence as a factor of military psychologist’s professional formation promotes formation of attitudes, empathy and a see through capability of empathy, but somewhat reduces the empathy role an as emotional channel.
Key words:
psychological competence, military psychologist, problematic situation, activity, empathy, identification, formal-dynamic qualities

References transliterated:


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