ISSN 2520-6265 (print)

ISSN 2520-6273 (online)


APPLICATION OF NARRATIVES IN PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSULTATION OF RESCUERS – JFO PARTICIPANTS HAVING PROBLEMS WITH TIME PERSPECTIVE


Author:
N. E. Afanasieva, PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences), Associate Professor (docent), Department of Psychology of
Activities in Special Conditions, National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine
ORCID: 0000-0001-8968-1399
Е-mail: Afanaseva_Natali@ukr.net

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/upj.2019.1(11).2

Article Information
Issue: 1(11) 2019, pages: 28-37
Language: Ukrainian
Received: 10.01.2019
1 st Revision: 14.01.2019
Accepted: 18.01.2019


Abstract

The article determined the ways to use narratives in psychological counselling of rescuers – Joint Forces Operation (JFO) participants for optimization of their time perspective. Psychological counselling is considered as a special type of a narrative, which have the following characteristic elements related to its deployment – a starting point, localization, beginning, development of actions, culmination, a solution and a code. This structure of narrative deployment is directly related to a time-perspective structure, since its reflects the chronology of events. Rescuers participated in the JFO have a negative attitude towards the past, which is associated with the experience of really unpleasant events and injuries, so pleasant impressions are shadowed and most of the memories are reconstructed into negative ones. Rescuers’ attitude to life is associated with pursuance of joy, excite, enjoy at the present, risk taking without worries about possible consequences of such behaviour. The future life in general is less important than the present and the past. In order to optimize the time orientation of rescuers – JFO participants, we suggest using the elements of their autobiographical narratives during psychological counselling. The autobiographical narrative of each person is a unique combination of memories, awareness of event meanings, feelings and mythology, which all together build an individual life story. An individual history includes all events occurred with a person in the past. An autobiographical narrative includes a selection of events in the context of three time intervals – the past, the present and the future. Psychological counselling for rescuers – JFO participants is aimed at time orientation balancing, which is needed for an individual’s effective life. A balanced time orientation is the most psychologically and physically healthy for a person and is optimal for his/her life in society. Positive changes in the time perspective are one of the indicators of traumatic symptom reduction.
Key words:
psychological counselling, narrative, time orientation, rescuers.

References transliterated:


1. Afanas’jeva N. Je. Naratyvizacija zhyttjevogo dosvidu v procesi psyhologichnogo konsul’tuvannja / N. Je. Afanas’jeva // Problemy ekstremal’noi’ ta kryzovoi’ psyhologii’. – 2013. – Vyp. 14, Ch. 3. – S. 28–35.

2. Afanas’jeva N. Je. Psyhologichne konsul’tuvannja klijentiv pry transformacii’ cha sovoi’ perspektyvy vnaslidok travmatyzacii’ / N. Je. Afanas’jeva // Problemy ekstremal’noi’ ta kryzovoi’ psyhologii’. – 2016. – Vyp. 19. – S. 3–12.

3. Afanas’jeva N. Je. Koncepcija psyhologichnogo konsul’tuvannja fahivciv eks tremal’nogo profilju dijal’nosti / N. Je. Afanas’jeva // Ukrai’ns’kyj psyhologichnyj zhurnal. – 2017. – № 4 (6). – S. 7–16.

4. Vijs’kova psyhologija ta pedagogika: innovacijnyj pidhid: pidruchnyk / [za zag. red. S. D. Maksymenka]. – K.: NUOU, 2012. – Ch. I. – 472 s.

5. Timchenko V. O. Psyhologichni naslidky perebuvannja rjatuval’nykiv u zoni provedennja antyterorystychnoi’ operacii’: dys… kand. psyhol. nauk: 19.00.09 – psyhologija dijal’nosti v osoblyvyh umovah / V. O. Timchenko. – Harkiv, 2017. – 272 s.