ISSN 2520-6265 (print)

ISSN 2520-6273 (online)


PERSONAL QUALITIES OF RESCUERS HAVING PROFESSIONAL ESTRANGEMENT


Author:
O. O. Sergienko, teacher-counsellor, Teaching and Methodical Department,
National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine
E-mail: sergienkooleksandr088@gmail.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/upj.2019.1(11).13

Article Information
Issue: 1(11) 2019, pages: 176-191
Language: Ukrainian
Received: 14.01. 2019
1st Revision: 21.01.2019
Accepted: 30.01.2018


Abstract

The article presents the research on personal qualities and characteristics of rescuers manifesting signs of professional estrangement. In extreme and extraordinary conditions, in particular, during fires and natural disasters, the requirements for certain personal characteristics of rescuers are significantly increased. That is, professional activity in special conditions significantly affects such professionals: on the one hand, personal development is promoted, and on the other hand, personal qualities can be deformed, therefore, it is necessary to determine specialists whose psychological characteristics do not corresponds the requirements of their work, or to re-allocate them for workplaces with taking into account their individual psychological peculiarities. The obtained results suggest that personal qualities of rescuers identifying themselves with their profession and rescuers with signs of professional estrangement are significantly different. Professionals with a high level of professional identification are characterized as decent and courteous in relations at work and out-of-work. They usually respond adequately to criticism or remarks, and behave on the base of their own emotions and ambitions at conflict situations. Specialists manifesting professional estrangement are often characterized as depressed individuals, dissatisfied with their position or the state of affairs at their work; so they often show ineffectiveness, indecision, and inconsistency in their actions during assignment implementations. Such specialists are characterized by their colleagues as conflict, irresponsible, stubborn and undisciplined people. They can respond inadequately on criticisms or comments. In general, the professional work for them is too difficult and leads to excessive mental stress, rapid fatigue, a feeling of impotence and exhaustion.
Key words:
personal qualities, professional estrangement, professional work, rescuer.

References transliterated:


1. Asoc’kyj V. V. Diagnostyka ta prognozuvannja profesijno-vazhlyvyh jakostej nachal’nykiv karauliv operatyvno-rjatuval’noi’ sluzhby cyvil’nogo zahystu: avtoref. ... kand. psyhol. n. / V. V. Asoc’kyj. – NUCZU. – H., 2013. – 21 s.

2. Afanas’jeva N. Je. Psyhologichne konsul’tuvannja fahivciv ekstremal’nogo profilju: teorija, metodologija, praktyka: monografija / N. Je. Afanas’jeva. – Harkiv: NUCZU, 2017. – 315 s.

3. Grybenjuk G. S. Analiz psyhologichnyh doslidzhen’ profesijnoi’ dijal’nosti fahivciv Operatyvno-rjatuval’noi’ sluzhby cyvil’nogo zahystu / G. S. Grybenjuk // Visnyk Nacional’noi’ akademii’ oborony Ukrai’ny. – 2009. – No 3. – S. 150–161.

4. Ekstremal’na psyhologija: pidruchnyk / O. P. Jevsjukov, A. S. Kuflijevs’kyj, D. V. Ljebjedjev ta in.; [zag. red. O. V. Timchenka]. – K.: «Avgust Trejd», 2007. – 502 c. 5. Kokun O. M. Zmist ta struktura psyhologichnoi’ gotovnosti fahivciv do ekstremal’nyh vydiv dijal’nosti / O. M. Kokun // Problemy ekstremal’noi’ ta kryzovoi’ psyhologii’. – 2010. – Vyp. 7. – S. 182–190.

6. Korol’chuk M. S. Social’no-psyhologichne zabezpechennja dijal’nosti v zvychajnyh ta ekstremal’nyh umovah: navchal’nyj posibnyk / M. S. Korol’chuk, V. M. Krajnjuk. – K.: Nika-Centr, 2006. – 580 s.

7. Myronec’ S. M. Negatyvni psyhichni stany ta reakcii’ pracivnykiv avarijno- rjatuval’nyh pidrozdiliv MNS Ukrai’ny v umovah nadzvychajnoi’ sytuacii’: avtoref. ... kand. psyhol. n. / S. M. Myronec’. – Harkiv, 2007. – 25 c.

8. Onishhenko N. V. Ekstrena psyhologichna dopomoga postrazhdalym v umovah nadzvychajnoi’ sytuacii’: teoretychni ta prykladni aspekty: monografija / N. V. Onishhenko. – Harkiv: Pravo, 2014. – 584 s.

9. Ohremenko O. R. Dijal’nist’ u skladnyh, napruzhenyh ta ekstremal’nyh / O. R. Ohremenko. – K.: Nacional’na akademija oborony Ukrai’ny, 2004. – 210 s.

10. Perelygina L. A. Profilaktyka staniv psyhoemocijnoi’ naprugy u pracivnykiv systemy MNS Ukrai’ny / L. A. Perelygina, Ju. O. Pryhod’ko // Onovlennja zmistu, form ta metodiv navchannja i vyhovannja v zakladah osvity. –2008. – Vyp. 41. – S. 141–143.

11. Popov V. M. Vyvchena bezporadnist’ jak destrukcija profesijnoi’ sprjamovanosti osobystosti / V. M. Popov // Problemy ekstremal’noi’ ta kryzovoi’ psyhologii’. – 2012. – No 14. – S. 74–82.

12. Safin O. D. Ljuds’kyj chynnyk v osoblyvyh umovah dijal’nosti ta praci: psyhologichnyj aspekt / O. D. Safin // Problemy ekstremal’noi’ ta kryzovoi’ psyhologii’. – 2010. – No 8. – S. 108–120.

13. Sergijenko O. O. Profesijna identychnist’ jak determinanta profesijnogo vidchuzhennja pracivnykiv DSNS Ukrai’ny / O. O. Sergijenko // Naukovyj visnyk Hersons’kogo Derzhavnogo universytetu. Serija: psyhologichni nauky. – 2018. – Vyp. 6. – S. 27–30.